For convenience I have classified cartridges as: miniature and gallery, small game, match rifle, military and sporting, number 1, military and sporting, number 2, and large-bore, high power. Subsequently every cartridge that I deem worthy of it will be given individual mention and its proper uses outlined.
Under the head of miniature will be included cartridges that are actually too small for anything that could really be considered game for the rifle. The .22 short is typical of this class. All of this ammunition is rimfire.
Small game cartridges are all center fire, are for the most part loaded with smokeless powder, have from fair to high velocities, and vary in power from rabbit loads to deer. The special uses of the different calibers and cartridges will be noted.
Match rifle cartridges are limited in number, embracing only those that have been found to give the finest results in off-hand shooting at two hundred yards. Formerly match cartridges might have included those adapted to work up to a thousand yards, but of late years long range match shooting is entirely military, not coming under the head of the match rifle.
Military and sporting, number 1, includes such ammunition as has heretofore been popular with hunters, of which the Remington .35 and the Winchester .33 are typical. All of those in this list are of moderate ballistics, accurate and reliable, and of low breech pressure.
Cartridges, military and sporting, number 2, comprise those of the latest design and the most pronounced ballistics. The general characteristics of the class are light, sharp-pointed bullets, heavy powder charges relative to the lead, and very high velocities.
Of the large bore, high-power, we have but a limited number of cartridges for which our rifles are chambered, but nearly all weapons designed for African use come under this heading. The Winchester .405 is an American example of the high-power, big-bore. In the next chapter we will take up the various classes at length.
Askins, Charles. Rifles and Rifle Shooting. New York: Outing, 1912. Print.
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