This rifle was formerly used in the military service. It has a movable chamber which opens by turning on a hinge. A brass cartridge case is used which packs the joints and cuts off the escape of the gas. The advantages of this arm are its strength, waterproof cartridges, perfectly tight joint, and working machinery. Its disadvantages are the cost, and difficulty of getting the cartridges. When first made, the metallic case of the Burnside cartridge (either of brass or steel) was capped at the larger end with a lead ring. The case was slightly conical, with a small hole at the smaller end. The manner of inserting the cartridge and extracting the shell after firing was similar to that employed at the present time.
Farrow, Edward S. American Small Arms; a Veritable Encyclopedia of Knowledge for Sportsmen and Military Men. New York: Bradford, 1904. Print.
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