BLOODHOUND,this sort of hound was held in high request among our ancestors, especially on the confines of England and Scotland, where the borderers were continually preying on the flocks and herds of their neighbours ; and as it was remarkable for the most exquisite sense of smelling, was frequently employed in recovering game that had escaped from the hunter. It could follow with great certainty the footsteps of a man to a considerable distance, and was therefore of the utmost utility in barbarous and uncivilized times, in tracing murderers and other felons through the most secret coverts. In many districts, infested with robbers, a certain number of these hounds were maintained at the public charge, and in general proved the means of discovering the perpetrators of crimes wheu every other endeavour failed of success. The breed of this kind of dog is not very generally cultivated at this time. Some few are kept for the pursuit of deer which have been previously wounded by a shot to draw blood, the scent of which enables the do^ to pursue with the greatest certainty. During the American war numbers of them were sent to thai country, and employed in discovering fugitives concealed in the woods and other secret places ; they were in use also, for a similar purpose, during the late revolts in the West India islands, and said to have been in Ireland at the time of the last rebellion. They are sometimes employed in discovering deer-stealers, whom they infallibly trace by the blood that issues from the wounds of their victims. They are also said to be kept in convents, situated in the lonely mountainous countries of Switzerland, both as a guard to the sacred mansions, and to-find out the bodies of men who have been unfortunately lost in crossing those wild and dreary tracts.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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