Bait Rods and Fly Rods
For fresh water fishing there are two distinct types of rod, namely, the bait rod and the fly rod. Their difference is in length and weight and the position of the reel seat. Bait rods are shorter, stiffer, and heavier than fly rods, and have the reel seat above the handle where the spool of the reel can be controlled in casting, for bait-casting is done from the reel, that is, the weight of the bait or its momentum, draws the line from the reel. The fly rod has the reel seat below the hand grasp, for in fly-casting the line is not cast from the reel but is drawn off and controlled by hand. With the reel below the hand the rod balances nicer and is less tiring.
Bait and fly rods usually consist of three sections. The first is called the butt section, the next the second joint, and the smallest piece is usually called the tip, but as there is a line guide on the end of this piece called a tip also this is likely to cause confusion. The English people call the smallest section the "top."
These sections are fitted with ferrules so that they may be fastened together. These are of two pieces known respectively as the male and female ferrules. The male ferrule is the smaller and fits into the other. The end of the male ferrule is solid so that water cannot reach the wood, and the female ferrule, at the bottom, has a metal floor for the same purpose. Some rods have tapered dowels in the ferrules but this is not generally considered a good idea and is going out of use. The ferrules are made of brass, usually nickel plated, or of German silver. The English give the ferrules a dark color by oxidizing, which is a good idea. In a well made rod the ferrules should fit over the wood which should not be cut down for the purpose, and they should be cemented to the wood but not pinned, as they are sometimes. The base of the ferrule is wound with silk thread and the most improved styles are split at the base (split ferrules) or cut into long points (serrated ferrules), and the wrapping is put over these cuts. The highest grade have a rib around the edge of the female ferrule, called a welt.
As mentioned before the rods are wound at intervals with fine silk thread. This is to strengthen and stiffen the rod. The line guides are also fastened on by wrapping.
Brooks, Lake. The Science of Fishing. Columbus, OH: A.R. Harding, 1912. Print.
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