BAITS (baitten ). For taking fish: the natural ones, and those generally are living, as worms of all kinds, especially the red maggots, bobs, frogs, grasshoppers, bees, beetles, dores, butterflies, (which are admirable for the chub) wasps, hornets, snails, small fish, &c. Next are the artificial baits: first, such as imitate the living baits, especially flies for every month and season of the year; nay, almost for every fish, so great is the variety that frequent the meadows and rivers.
As to what concerns live baits, they are to be kept each sort by themselves, and to be fed with such things as they are wont to eat when at liberty.
The red worm takes much delight in black fat earth; if vou mix some fennel chopped small with it, they will improve very much.
Give them sometimes a little ox or cow dung newly made; you may keep them in a box, or small bag.
But red worms, as also all other sorts of worms, scour quickly, grow very tough and bright by putting them into a thin clout, rubbed with fresh butter, or grease, before you put them into moss, which is the best to keep them in; the moss must first be washed clean, and the water squeezed out: and for the food you are to give them, drop a spoonful of cream into the moss every three or four days, and remove the moss every week, keeping it in a cold place.
White great maggots are to be fed with sheep's suet, and beasts' liver cut small.
Frogs and grasshoppers do well in wet moss and long grass, which must be moistened every night: cut off their legs and wings when you use them.
The bob, caddis-worm, cancer, and such like, are to be preserved with the same things where you take them.
Live flies must be used as you catch them.
The wasp, hornet, and humble bee, may he dried in an oven, after the bread is drawn, but have a care in scorching them; then dip their heads in sheep's blood, which must be dried on; and so keep them in a clean box, and they will continue good for a quarter of a year.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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