Baits of wood, metal, rubber, and other materials are much used by present-day anglers. Some of these resemble minnows, but as a rule they do not imitate any living creature, differing in this way from the artificial fly, but are probably mistaken by the fish for live creatures, anyway the fish attack them and some of these baits have proved very successful. Perhaps the oldest of all artificial baits is the phantom minnow, which is, unlike many of the later creations, an imitation of a real minnow, and the manufacturers really do try to make it look like a small fish.
It is an old standard bait, but is not as successful as some of the later ones. They are usually made of silk, though one brand is made of porpoise hide. They have spinning wings attached to the head and are furnished with three treble hooks fastened to gut or gimp snells. One treble is just behind the head; another trails farther back on the body, and the third hangs just behind the minnow's tail* so that a fish can hardly strike the bait without getting caught on one of the hooks.
Then there are imitations of frogs, helgramites, mice, grasshoppers, crickets, grubs, worms, etc., usually made of rubber but these are not used as much as some of the later freaks and are not as good fish catchers, either, except, perhaps, the rubber frog, which is a very good bait.
Brooks, Lake. The Science of Fishing. Columbus, OH: A.R. Harding, 1912. Print.
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