ARABIAN HORSE. Of all the quadrupeds of Arabia the horse is classes: the kadischi, or common kind; and the kochlani, or noble kind. The breed of the latter is an object of particular attention, and their genealogy has been preserved for two thousand years, descending, as they affirm, from the stalls of Solomon. The preservation of their breed is carefully and authentically witnessed. The grooms are very careful in preserving a register of all the sires and dams, by which the pedigree of a horse may be traced up to the most ancient date. The Duke of Newcastle affirms that the ordinary price of an Arabian horse of the kochlani breed is from one thousand to three thousand pounds, and that the owners are as careful in preserving the genealogy of their horses as princes are in recording that of their families. The offspring of kochlani stallions by the ignoble race, are considered kadischi, and are bold, powerful, impetuous; and to great sagacity and affection, add the capability of bearing great fatigue. King James the First bought an Arabian of Mr. Markham, a merchant, for five hundred guineas, which was the first of that breed ever seen in England. The Duke of Newcastle says, in his " Treatise on Horsemanship," that he had seen the above Arabian, and describes him as a small bay horse, and not of very excellent shape.
The Arab horse is as celebrated for his docility" and good temper as for his speed and courage. In that delightful book, " Bishop Heber's Narrative of a Journey through the Upper Provinces of India," the following interesting character is given of him. " My morning rides are very pleasant. My horse is a nice, quiet, good-tempered little Arab, who is so fearless, that he goes, without starting, close to an elephant, and so gentle and docile that he eats bread out of my hand, and has almost as much attachment and coaxing ways as a dog. This seems the general character of the Arab horses, to judge from what I have seen in this country. It is not the fiery dashing animal I had supposed, but with more rationality about him, and more apparent confidence in his rider, than the majority of English horses."
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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