ALOES. A cathartic juice extracted from the common aloes tree. At present various sorts are met with, distinguished either by the place whence they are derived, by the species of the plants, or by some difference in the juices themselves. Those commonly sold in the shop9 may be arranged in three classes, viz. 1. Common or Barbadoes aloes; 2. Caballine or fetid aloes, chiefly distinguished by its strong, rank smell; and 3. Socotrine or Cape aloes. Of the aloes used in veterinary practice, a moder n writer observes, " In a public establishment like the college, where the horse, under physic, can be exercised as much as the head of the establishment chooses to order, or where in fact he can be exercised till the physic does work ; or in a cavalry regiment, where the same facilities exist, Cape aloes may be used; yet even there the Barbadoes are preferable, as more certain, and far less liable to gripe." Of all the known purges administered to the horse, this is unquestionably the most efficacious. All the experiments made on oils by Mr. W. Percival, as cathartics in horses, have proved them to be uncertain, if not dangerous, in their operation.
Harewood, Harry. A Dictionary of Sports. London: T. Tegg and son, 1835.
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