.454 Casull was developed in 1950s by Dick Casull and Jack Fullmer. It was initially a wildcat and the primary purpose was for the big game hunting. However later on Freedom Arms domesticated it for use to general shooter community.
.454 Casull is a big game variant of the .45 Colt. However it is about a quarter centimeter longer then the .45 Colt. However it leaves the .45 Colt miles away when it comes to the energy with which the bullet is fired. Some manufacturers data manuals suggest that .454 Casull generates a pressure of about 50,000 CUP. In its initial years, only the Freedom Arms 5 shot revolver had a chamber which could fit the .454 Casull. However later on Taurus and Thomson Center accepted it. The T/C Encore pistol houses it. With this the usage of .45 colt with heavy loads went down. .454 Casull also gives tough competition to .44 Remington.
The .454 Casull uses bullets from 240-grain to 300-grain. This bullets are fired with velocity which is between 1300 fps to 1800 fps. This results are noted when a 7.5 inch barrel is used. .454 Casull is known among the hunter community as a flat trajectory revolver cartridge.
The biggest drawback of .454 Casull is the high recoil. It is as much notorious for giving a high recoil in the hands of shooter as much as it is famous for the high energy generated. Some shooters say that the recoil is nearly 5 times as that felt while shooting a .45 Colt. In spite of this, the cartridge is considered a trend setter in the big bore revolver. Many big bore cartridges like the .480 Ruger were then launched after the success of .454 Casull.
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