THE .405 WINCHESTER
This is the most powerful cartridge adapted to the lever action rifle, or in fact any American rifle except a few handmade arms.
Besides the work accomplished with it in Africa as mentioned, it is well liked by hunters who have made trips to Alaska and the Northwest for the giant brown bear, moose, and like game.
Whether it is powerful enough for African buffalo and rhinoceros is a debatable question, most people would decide not, and Roosevelt did a lot of hitting for one kill sometimes, but there is no disputing that it has all the knock-down qualities needed for the most rugged game in this country. The .405 is too destructive for deer, antelope, and animals of that size; neither can many men shoot such ammunition with the same accuracy that they could lighter charges. The man who is recoil proof and desirous of killing cleanly with one bullet should take very kindly to the .405.
One advantage of this cartridge should not be overlooked when comparing it with other big bores. It is shot from the fastest action of any ammunition at all approaching it in strength, and this must be given due weight where it might be necessary to give a dangerous animal more than one bullet. American hunters in Africa have always felt pretty safe with the .405 Winchester in their hands, whatever the beast they might be facing.
The .405 has a muzzle velocity of 2,204 feet, muzzle energy 3,206 foot pounds, 200 yard trajectory 4.85 inches, and the arm from which it is shot is model '95 Winchester, weighing eight and a half pounds.
Askins, Charles. Rifles and Rifle Shooting. New York: Outing, 1912. Print.
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