The .30-40 Krag is as old as .30-30 Winchester. It too like the .30-30 was a popular cartridge. But the reason for popularity were different in both cases. .30-40 Krag was first made in the early part of the 1890 - 1900 decade. The whole motive to develop it was the huge requirement from the then US Army. The US marines were in the process of selecting a new variety of rifle named Krag-Jorgensen and were looking for a suitable cartridge to go with it. Then in early 1900s, the army replaced the .30-40 Krag with .30-03 the early version of the 30/06. The stock of .30-40 Krag and some of its associated rifles were cheaply sold through the civilian marksman program. This is the manner in which the cartridge got acceptance and hence the popularity among the shooting community of United States.
There is also an interesting story behind the naming of the .30-40 Krag. It was developed in an era when ammunition experts, were trying to avoid the use of black powder and hence eliminate the smoke emitted after firing the bullet with black powder. The .30-40 initially was used with 40 grains of black powder and hence the figure "40" got associate with it. But soon the smokeless variant was launched. However the figure "40" remained with it forever. the figure ".30" stands for .30 caliber bullet used with it.
The .30-40 Krag can fire a 150-grain bullet at a speed of 2600 feet per second (fps); the 150- grain being used for Deer game. It can fire a 180 grain at about 2400 fps; the 180-grain being used for bigger games like elk shooting.
Almost all major rifle manufacturers like Winchester, Remington, Ruger had once rifles which used the .30-40 cartridge. However lately, only Winchester and Remington makes suitable rifles which can load a .30-40 Krag. The cartridge is now rarely used by hunter for hunting. However history is filled with the wonderful experiences hunters had with the .30-40 Krag.
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