.30-30 Winchester (also known as .30 Winchester) is one of the oldest rifle cartridges still in wide use today. It is a small bore cartridge which was launched around the year 1895. It was one of the first cartridge which was made for smokeless powder. It is commonly referred as .30-30. Records suggest that it is so far one of the highest selling cartridges in history.
Initially, when Winchester started making it, they had never thought of making it for smokeless powder. They were making a cartridge for the .30 caliber bullet. But gun manufacturers in Europe started making progress in inventing smokeless powder. Seeing their progress and market potential for smokeless powder, Winchester changed their plans. This finally resulted in one of their best selling products, the .30-30 Winchester. Such was the popularity that other cartridges which were similar were called as ".30-30 Class" cartridges.
.30-30 is primarily used for shooting Whitetail deer sized animals. Many new hunter first cut their teeth on the 30-30 Winchester. It is ideal for shooting targets within the range of 150 yards. A 150 grain bullet fired from a 7.5 lbs rifle gives little recoil effect felt on the shoulder. The bullet leaves the barrel with a high velocity of 2400 feet per second with energy of 1900 ft. lbs. The 170-grain has a muzzle velocity of 2,200 fps.
Most .30-30 Winchester are should be used with flat nose or round nose bullets. This is the reason why it is used with lever action rifles with tubular magazines. If pointed bullets are used it could cause the nose of a round in the magazine to touch off the primer of the cartridge in front of it. Also due to the rimmed case, tubular magazines are the best for .30-30 cartridges.
The popular rifles and hand guns which have .30-30 Winchester chambers are Winchester 94, Marlin 336, Thompson Center Encore and Thompson Center Contender.
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