10 AND 12 GAUGE—I am thinking of getting a new shotgun and want advice regarding same. I have a 12 gauge now but it is hardly the proper thing, as the country is very open and it is hard to get close to game. Would you advise me to get a 10 gauge? Do they shoot any further, or what is the advantage?
If the gun were to be used for ducks and geese exclusively I would advise the purchase of a 10 gauge, hut for any other kind of shooting nothing larger than 12 bore. For your use I think you will find a medium weight, about 7 1/2 lbs., 12 gauge, full choked gun, with barrels of 30 inch length, best suited to your requirements. A 10 gauge will kill at somewhat greater distances than a 12 if weight, length, and charge are in proper proportion to the bore, otherwise it will not. In order to be superior in shooting power to a 12 gauge such as described, a 10 gauge would have to be of about 10 pounds weight, 32 inch barrels, and the charge should be 4 1/4 drama of bulk nitro powder and 1 1/4 or 1 3/8 ounces of shot. This would be longer range than the 12 bore described, loaded with 3 1/4 drama of the same powder and 1 1/8 ounces of shot, providing that coarser shot were used in the 10 gauge. If the same size of shot were used, it would make a denser pattern, but would not reach farther, except that there would be more certainty of killing at the longer ranges, because of this same density of pattern. This applies to guns of exactly the same style of boring. I think you would find this both too much gun and too much of a charge to be handled comfortably in upland shooting.
Harding, A.R.. 3001 Questions and Answers. Columbus, Oh: A.R. Harding, 1913.
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